Tuesday, December 29, 2009

Affirmation of St. Louis

Introduction to the Affirmation of St. Louis

In 1977 an international congress of nearly 2,000 Anglican bishops, clergy and lay people met in St. Louis, Missouri, to take the actions necessary to establish an orthodox jurisdiction in which traditional Anglicanism would be maintained, by returning to the fullness of the Faith of the undivided CATHOLIC CHURCH. Acting according to the principles determined by the seven great Ecumenical Councils of the ancient Church and adopting initially the name "Anglican Church of North America", they placed themselves under the jurisdiction of the retired bishop of Springfield, Illinois, the Right Reverend Albert Chambers.

The Text of the Affirmation of St. Louis


The Continuation of Anglicanism

We affirm that the Church of our fathers, sustained by the most Holy Trinity, lives yet, and that we, being moved by the Holy Spirit to walk only in that way, are determined to continue in the Catholic Faith, Apostolic Order, Orthodox Worship and Evangelical Witness of the traditional Anglican Church, doing all things necessary for the continuance of the same. We are upheld and strengthened in this determination by the knowledge that many provinces and dioceses of the Anglican Communion have continued steadfast in the same Faith, Order, Worship and Witness, and that they continue to confine ordination to the priesthood and the episcopate to males. We rejoice in these facts and we affirm our solidarity with these provinces and dioceses.

The Dissolution of Anglican and Episcopal Church Structure

We affirm that the Anglican Church of Canada and the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, by their unlawful attempts to alter Faith, Order and Morality (especially in their General Synod of 1975 and General Convention of 1976), have departed from Christ's One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.

The Need to Continue Order in the Church

We affirm that all former ecclesiastical governments, being fundamentally impaired by the schismatic acts of lawless Councils, are of no effect among us, and that we must now reorder such godly discipline as we strengthen us in the continuation of our common life and witness.

The Invalidity of Schismatic Authority

We affirm that the claim of any such schismatic person or body to act against any Church member, clerical or lay, for his witness to the whole Faith is with no authority of Christ's true Church, and any such inhibition, deposition or discipline is without effect and is absolutely null and void.

The Need for Principles and a Constitution

We affirm that fundamental principles (doctrinal, moral, and constitutional) are necessary for the present, and that a Constitution (redressing the defects and abuses of our former governments) should be adopted, whereby the Church may be soundly continued.

The Continuation of Communion with Canterbury

We affirm our continued relations of communion with the See of Canterbury and all faithful parts of the Anglican Communion. [Note Bene: Because of the action of General Synod of the Church of England, Parliament, and the Royal Assent, the Colleges of Bishops of the Churches of the Chamber's succession are obliged no longer to count the See of Canterbury as a faithful part of the Anglican Communion.]

WHEREFORE, with a firm trust in Divine Providence, and before Almighty God and all the company of heaven, we solemnly affirm, covenant and declare that we, lawful and faithful members of the Anglican and Episcopal Churches, shall now and hereafter continue and be the unified continuing Anglican Church in North America, in true and valid succession thereto.


In order to carry out these declarations, we set forth these fundamental Principles for our continued life and witness.


In the firm conviction that "we shall be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ," and that "there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved," and acknowledging our duty to proclaim Christ's saving Truth to all peoples, nations and tongues, we declare our intention to hold fast the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Faith of God.

We acknowledge that rule of faith laid down by St. Vincent of Lerins: "Let us hold that which has been believed everywhere, always and by all, for that is truly and properly Catholic."


1. The Nature of the Church.

We gather as people called by God to be faithful and obedient to Him. As the Royal Priestly People of God, the Church is called to be, in fact, the manifestation of Christ in and to the world. True religion is revealed to man by God. We cannot decide what is truth, but rather (in obedience) ought to receive, accept, cherish, defend and teach what God has given us. The Church is created by God, and is beyond the ultimate control of man.

The Church is the Body of Christ at work in the world. She is the society of the baptized called out from the world: In it, but not of it. As Christ's faithful Bride, she is different from the world and must not be influenced by it.

2. The Essentials of Truth and Order

We repudiate all deviation of departure from the Faith, in whole or in part, and bear witness to these essential principles of evangelical Truth and apostolic Order:

Holy Scriptures

The Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments and the authentic record of God's revelation of Himself, His saving activity, and moral demands -- a revelation valid for all men and all time.

The Creeds

The Nicene Creed as the authoritative summary of the chief articles of the Christian Faith, together with the "Apostles' Creed, and that known as the Creed of St. Athanasius to be "thoroughly received and believed" in the sense they have had always in the Catholic Church.


The received Tradition of the Church and its teachings as set forth by "the ancient catholic bishops and doctors," and especially as defined by the Seven Ecumenical Councils of the undivided Church, to the exclusion of all errors, ancient and modern.


The Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, the Holy Eucharist, Holy Matrimony, Holy Orders, Penance and Unction of the Sick, as objective and effective signs of the continued presence and saving activity of Christ our Lord among His people and as His covenanted means for conveying His grace. In particular, we affirm the necessity of Baptism and the Holy Eucharist (where they may be had) -- Baptism as incorporating us into Christ (with its completion in Confirmation as the "seal of the Holy Spirit"), and the Eucharist as the sacrifice which unites us to the all-sufficient Sacrifice of Christ on the Cross and the Sacrament in which He feeds us with His Body and Blood.

Holy Orders

The Holy Orders of bishops, priests and deacons as the perpetuation of Christ's gift of apostolic ministry to His Church, asserting the necessity of a bishop of apostolic succession (or priest ordained by such) as the celebrant of the Eucharist -- these Orders consisting exclusively of men in accordance with Christ's Will and institution (as evidenced by the Scriptures), and the universal practice of the Catholic Church.


The ancient office and ministry of Deaconesses as a lay vocation for women, affirming the need for proper encouragement of that office.

Duty of Bishops

Bishops as Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Shepherds and Teachers, as well as their duty (together with other clergy and the laity) to guard and defend the purity and integrity of the Church's Faith and Moral Teaching.

The Use of Other Formulae

In affirming these principles, we recognize that all Anglican statements of faith and liturgical formulae must be interpreted in accordance with them.

Incompetence of Church Bodies to Alter Truth

We disclaim any right or competence to suppress, alter or amend any of the ancient Ecumenical Creeds and definitions of Faith, to set aside or depart from Holy Scripture, or to alter or deviate from the essential pre-requisites of any Sacrament.

Unity with Other Believers

We declare our firm intention to seek and achieve full sacramental communion and visible unity with other Christians who "worship the Trinity in Unity, and Unity in Trinity," and who hold the Catholic and Apostolic Faith in accordance with the foregoing principles.


The conscience, as the inherent knowledge of right and wrong, cannot stand alone as a sovereign arbiter of morals. Every Christian is obligated to form his conscience by the Divine Moral Law and the Mind of Christ as revealed in Holy Scriptures, and by the teaching and Tradition of the Church. We hold that when the Christian conscience is thus properly informed and ruled, it must affirm the following moral principles:

Individual Responsibility

All people, individually and collectively, are responsible to their Creator for their acts, motives, thoughts and words, since "we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ . . ."

Sanctity of Human Life

Every human being, from the time of his conception, is a creature and child of God, made in His image and likeness, an infinitely precious soul; and that the unjustifiable or inexcusable taking of life is always sinful.

Man's Duty to God

All people are bound by the dictates of the Natural Law and by the revealed Will of God, insofar as they can discern them.

Family Life

The God-given sacramental bond in marriage between one man and one woman is God's loving provision for procreation and family life, and sexual activity is to be practiced only within the bonds of Holy Matrimony.

Man as Sinner

We recognize that man, as inheritor of original sin, is "very far gone from original righteousness," and as a rebel against God's authority is liable to His righteous judgment.

Man and God's Grace

We recognize, too, that God loves His children and particularly has shown it forth in the redemptive work of our Lord Jesus Christ, and that man cannot be saved by any effort of his own, but by the Grace of God, through repentance and acceptance of God's forgiveness.

Christian's Duty to be Moral

We believe, therefore, it is the duty of the Church and her members to bear witness to Christian Morality, to follow it in their lives, and to reject the false standards of the world.


In the constitutional revision which must be undertaken, we recommend, for the consideration of continuing Anglicans, the following:

Retain the Best of Both Provinces

That the traditional and tested features of the Canadian and American ecclesiastical systems be retained and used in the administration of the continuing Church.

Selection of Bishops

That a non-political means for selection of bishops be devised.

Tripartite Synod

That the Church be generally governed by a Holy Synod of three branches (episcopal, clerical and lay), under the presidency of the Primate of the Church.

Scriptural Standards for the Ministry

That the apostolic and scriptural standards for the sacred Ministry be used for all orders of Ministers.

Concurrence of all Orders for Decisions

That the Constitution acknowledge the necessity of the concurrence of all branches of the Synod for decisions in all matters, and that extraordinary majorities be required for the favorable consideration of all matters of importance.

Re-establishment of Discipline

That the Church re-establish an effective permanent system of ecclesiastical courts for the defense of the Faith and the maintenance of discipline over all her members.

Constitutional Assembly to be Called

That our bishops shall call a Constitutional Assembly of lay and clerical representatives of dioceses and parishes to convene at the earliest appropriate time to draft a Constitution and Canons by which we may be unified and governed, with special reference to this Affirmation, and with due consideration to ancient Custom and the General Canon Law, and to the former law of our provinces.

Interim Action

In the meantime, trusting in the everlasting strength of God to carry us through all our trials, we commend all questions for decision to the proper authorities in each case: Episcopal, diocesan, and parochial, encouraging all the faithful to support our witness as subscribers to this Affirmation, and inviting all so doing to share our fellowship and the work of the Church.


Prayer Book -- The Standard of Worship

In the continuing Anglican Church, the Book of Common Prayer is (and remains) one work in two editions: The Canadian Book of 1962 and the American Book of 1928. Each is fully and equally authoritative. No other standard for worship exists.

Certain Variances Permitted

For liturgical use, only the Book of Common Prayer and service books conforming to and incorporating it shall be used.


Intercommunion with other Apostolic Churches

The continuing Anglicans remain in full communion with the See of Canterbury and with all other faithful parts of the Anglican Communion, and should actively seek similar relations with all other Apostolic and Catholic Churches, provided that agreement in the essentials of Faith and Order first be reached.

Non-Involvement with Non-Apostolic Groups

We recognize that the World Council of Churches, and many national and other Councils adhering to the World Council, are non-Apostolic, humanist and secular in purpose and practice, and that under such circumstances, we cannot be members of any of them. We also recognize that the Consultation of Church Union (COCU) and all other such schemes, being non-Apostolic and non-Catholic in their present concept and form, are unacceptable to us, and that we cannot be associated with any of them.

Need for Sound Theological Training

Re-establishment of spiritual, orthodox and scholarly theological education under episcopal supervision is imperative, and should be encouraged and promoted by all in authority; and learned and godly bishops, other clergy and lay people should undertake and carry on that work without delay.

Financial Affairs

The right of congregations to control of their temporalities should be firmly and constitutionally recognized and protected.

Administrative Matters

Administration should, we believe, be limited to the most simple and necessary acts, so that emphasis may be centered on worship, pastoral care, spiritual and moral soundness, personal good works, and missionary outreach, in response to God's love for us.

The Church as Witness to Truth

We recognize also that, as keepers of God's will and truth for man, we can and ought to witness to that will and truth against all manifest evils, remembering that we are as servants in the world, but God's servants first.

Pensions and Insurance

We recognize our immediate responsibility to provide for the establishment of sound pension and insurance programs for the protection of the stipendiary clergy and other Church Workers.

Legal Defense

We recognize the immediate need to coordinate legal resources, financial and professional, for the defense of congregations imperiled by their stand for the Faith, and commend this need most earnestly to the diocesan and parochial authorities.

Continuation, Not Innovation

In this gathering witness of Anglicans and Episcopalians, we continue to be what we are. We do nothing new. We form no new body, but continue as Anglicans and Episcopalians.

NOW, THEREFORE, deeply aware of our duty to all who love and believe the Faith of our Fathers, of our duty to God, who alone shall judge what we do, we make this Affirmation. Before God, we claim our Anglican/Episcopal inheritance, and proclaim the same to the whole Church, through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with the Father and the Holy Ghost, be all honor and glory, world without end. Amen.


  1. The Rev. John Roddy+
    St. Hilda's ACC
    Atlanta, Georgia

  2. Rev. Robert Hart
    Priest in Charge, St. Benedict's Anglican Catholic Church, Chapel Hill, North Carolina

  3. The Rev'd John A. Hollister
    Assisting Priest, Christ Anglican Catholic Church
    Metairie (New Orleans) LA
    Canon to the Ordinary, ACC Diocese of New Orleans

  4. Jefferson Otwell
    St. Stephen's Anglican Catholic Church
    Athens, Georgia

  5. Rev. Michael Weaver
    Rector, St. George's ACC
    Temple Hills, Maryland

  6. Jackie Kylander
    St. Benedict's ACC, Chapel Hill, NC
    Deputy Speaker of the House of Laity
    Diocese of the South

  7. Christopher Bailey
    ACC Church of Our Redeemer

  8. Bruce Littell

    St. Michael The Archangel ACC
    Frederick, MD

  9. Judy K. Warner
    St. Michael The Archangel ACC
    Frederick, Maryland

  10. The Rev'd Canon Chandler Holder Jones SSC
    Rector, Saint Barnabas Anglican Church
    Dunwoody, Georgia
    Anglican Province of America

  11. The Rev'd Canon Marvin Gardner, Ph.D.
    Assistant Priest, St. Thomas of Canterbury Anglican Church
    Roanoke, Virginia
    Anglican Catholic Church

  12. The Rev. Carlos Miranda
    Rector, King of Glory Anglican Church
    Miami Springs, FL
    ACNA (AMiA)

  13. The Rev. Daniel E. Squires
    Priest-in-charge, St. Francis Anglican Church
    Portland, OR.

  14. The Rev'd Robert T. Menas
    Vicar, St Stephens Anglican Church
    Baltimore, Md

  15. Rev. Michael W. Spreng
    Trinity Church (anglicanmesa.org)
    Mesa, Arizona
    Anglican Episcopal Church (anglicanepiscopalchurch.org)

  16. Rev. Dennis Washburn
    priest,assisting at St. Michael the Archangel
    Charlotte, NC
    Anglican Province of America

  17. The Rev'd David F. Coady
    Assistant Priest
    St. Francis Anglican Church
    Blacksburg, Virginia
    Anglican Province of America

  18. Jay Thomas
    Church of Our Redeemder
    Marietta, GA

  19. The Rev. Nick C. Athanaelos, Rector
    St. Andrew & St. Margaret of Scotland
    Alexandria, Virginia

  20. Tom and Margaret Quigley
    St Michael the Archangel
    Frederick, MD

  21. Jim Koen

    St. Stephen's Church
    Athens, Georgia
    Anglican Catholic Church

  22. Lew and Deborah LaGarde
    St. Michael the Archangel ACC
    Frederick, Maryland

  23. The Rev'd J. Gordon Anderson
    Vicar, St. Francis Anglican Church
    Blacksburg, Virginia
    Anglican Province of America

  24. The Rev'd.James A.Chantler TOSA
    Rector,The Church Of The Resurrection
    Walkerville Ontario
    The Dominion Of Canada
    The Anglican Catholic Church Original Province

  25. Fr Richard Sutter SSM
    Colorado Springs, CO
    Anglican Church in America,
    Traditional Anglican Communion

  26. Nathan Lahey
    Trinity Anglican, ACC
    Port Charlotte, FL

  27. The Venerable C. Thomas McHenry
    Rector, St. Stephen's, Clifton Forge, VA
    Vicar, Christ Church @ Union Chapel,
    Bath County, VA
    Archdeacon, DMAS, ACC

  28. Fr. David Sprunk SSM
    Assistant, St. Bartholomew's Anglican Church
    Swartz Creek, MI
    Diocese of the Holy Cross

  29. The Very Rev. Thomas B. Woodward, Secretary to the Executive Council's Committee on the Status of Women, member of St. Bede's, Santa Fe, NM, The Episcopal Diocese of the Rio Grande, The Episcopal Church

  30. The Revd Laurence K. Wells, Rector
    St Michael & All Angels Anglican Church
    A Parish of the Anglican Catholic Church
    Orange Park, Florida

  31. L.W. Drawdy, III
    St. Hilda of Whitby, ACC
    Atlanta, Georgia

  32. Fr James Danford, Rector Elect
    Church of Our Redeemer
    A Parish of the Anglican Catholic Church
    Marietta, Georgia

  33. Morgan Robertson
    Junior Warden
    Church of Our Redeemer ACC
    Marietta, Georgia

  34. The Very Rev. Robert T. Jones IV
    Rector and Dean
    The Pro-Cathedral of St. Stephen (ACC)
    800 Timothy Road
    Athens, GA 30606

  35. The Rev. Mr. Terrence W. Hall
    St. Hilda's Anglican Catholic Church
    Atlanta, GA

  36. Mark Talley, layman

    St. Luke's church, REC/ACNA

  37. Fr. Lawrence C. Holcombe
    Rector, Holy Trinity Anglican Catholic Church
    Greenville, South Carolina

  38. The Rt Rev'd H. Lee Poteet
    St Augustine's Anglican Church
    Tulsa, Oklahoma

    The Church in the United States

  39. David Gould
    Subdeacon & Catechist
    Annunciation of Our Lady Mission
    Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
    Anglican Catholic Church

  40. Steven Augustine Badal

    St. John the Theologian
    Anglican Catholic Church
    Pompano Beach, FL

  41. Mark Newsome
    Assistant Treasurer of the ACA, Representative of the Diocese of the Eastern United States on the ACA Executive Council, and layman in attendance at St. Benedict's ACC, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (how's that for dual citizenship!)

  42. Fr. Richard E Desroches
    United Episcopal Church of North America
    All Saints Church
    Hillsborough, NC

  43. Allen Bailey
    Anglican providnce of America
    St. Francis,Kissimmee, FL

  44. The Right Revd Damien Mead
    Bishop Ordinary
    Diocese of the United Kingdom
    Anglican Catholic Church (Original Province)

  45. Brian R. Gold
    St. Michael & All Angels Anglican Church (ACC)
    Orange Park, FL

  46. The Rev'd Canon Charles H. Nalls, SSM
    Church of the Ascension (ACC)
    Centreville, Virginia

  47. The Rev. Mr. Jon Wilson
    Hospital Chaplain,
    Missionary Diocese of St. John,
    Christian Communion International.

  48. Fr. Stephen A. Reeves
    Blessed Sacrament Church
    United Episcopal Church of North America

  49. Col.(ret) and Mrs. Kief Tackaberry
    St.Andrew and St.Margaret of Scotland
    Alaexandria, Virginia


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